A non-profit group called Students for Fair Admissions is suing colleges for discrimination.
"The U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral arguments Monday in a pair of cases that could overturn the use of racial preferences in college admissions, focusing on challenges to affirmative action policies at Harvard University and the University of North Carolina," reported Breitbart.
"In both cases, the plaintiff is a non-profit group called Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA), which alleges that affirmative action policies discriminate against Asian Americans, who otherwise would comprise a larger share of the student body at both colleges," according to Breitbart.
"In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978), the Court permitted the use of affirmative action in college admissions to achieve diversity, provided it did not operate like a quota system. That holding was later limited by two cases against the University of Michigan in 2003: Gratz struck down an undergraduate policy that gave points to applicants based on race, and Grutter upheld a law school policy that considered race as a factor but did not assign points to applicants," Breitbart reported.
"The cases are being heard together, though the one against Harvard involves a private university, and the one against the University of North Carolina involves a public one. The Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause only applies to private institutions when they take federal money. The case against Harvard focuses on civil rights laws; the case against the University of North Carolina is a broader constitutional case," according to Breitbart.
"Harvard has won in both the district and appellate courts, though the case has exposed its affirmative action policies to scrutiny, revealing that the actual percentage of Asian American students who are admitted is about half of what it would be based on test scores and grades alone," Breitbart reported. "Harvard was found to use a “personality” test that ranked Asian American groups lower than others. The University of North Carolina won in district court, and the case was appealed directly to the Supreme Court to join the Harvard case."
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